Tuesday, July 20, 2010

The Dusun(Sabah,Malaysia) and Bunun(Taiwan) connection?


I was reading some infos about Dusun through Facebook, and i was attracted with the "Dusun & Bunun" which posted by my friend Eric Craig Ansibin. So i browse this info from internet and found this very interesting Blog by Justin ( Looking forward to know this guy).. so i share with you guys:

Years ago, I heard talks about how KadazanDusun’s culture and rituals are quite similar to that of a tribe in Taiwan. It suggested a possible common ancestry. I thought nothing more of it but today, perhaps I got too much free time on hand, I revisited that theory. Surfed the net, read articles, read forums.

From herein, I will refer KadazanDusun as Dusun because the former is long and I’m too lazy to type long names. In anycase, KadazanDusun is a recent coinage, a marriage of the tribe name of Kadazan and Dusun by our leaders for unification purposes. I’m not here to discuss kadazanDusun, if you want to know more about the background of the name, I suggest you visit Kadazan Dusun Cultural Association’s website.

The following is an excerpt from http://en.allexperts.com/e/k/ka/kadazan.htm

The Kadazan language is an amalgation of various influences, mainly coming from other indigenous tribes in North Borneo and the adoption of various Malay words. According to legend, the Kadazan language has its roots in the migration of a band of seafaring Chinese from Southern China. Anecdotes describe a provincial Chinese tribe whose language differs greatly with the common Chinese dialects but bears striking similarities to the Kadazan language; a tribe whom purportedly bear a physical resemblance to Kadazans as well. However, no research or concrete evidence has risen to support these claims although it is supported by authoritative figures in the Kadazan community.



I do not know where the author got his legend from, personally having blood line to the Dusun Tatana of Kuala Penyu, I certainly haven’t heard of this legend. However, it is noteworthy to know that within the Dusun tribe itself, there are many more sub-divisions(if that is the correct term to use) of Dusuns. We have Dusun Papar, Dusun Tambunan etc. The local legends may vary albeit not significant. The author could have gotten his source from these other Dusun clans. Or perhaps, the Dusun Tatana has forgotten about this legend. Our history and legends are passed down orally. So this one could have slipped down the cracks of time. Or perhaps, I need to mix with more old folks, cast my net wider.

In any case, what the author wrote which I have conveniently highlighted in red for you, certainly perpetuated the myth about the connection between Dusun and that particular tribe in Taiwan which from what I have gathered, seems to point to the Bunun tribe in Taiwan.

I don’t see any concrete evidence to support that the Dusun has any link to the Bunun.

Nonetheless, for amusement, I shall highlight little similarities:


1 ) Nunuk Ragang, is a Dusun word for Bayan Tree. Ragang comes from the word Aragang which means red. Dusun legend has it that they came from a place called Nunuk Ragang. If you want to know more about the Nunuk Ragang, just googled it. But why I bring this up?

The Dusun lived on this giant tree and this tree nourishes them. It was believed that the roots of the Nunuk tree produce red latex that gave the pool not only reddish coloration but also its medicinal value. Thus the name Nunuk Ragang. Nunuk latex is still used to treat rashes and other minor skin diseases.
Now, the Bunun were referred to as the “Red Head Tribe” by the Qing Dynasty. Notice the affinity to the colour red? Hehehe..


2 ) The name “Bulun” means “people”. Early Dusuns before they started calling themselves Dusuns, simply referred to themselves as “Tulun” which means “people”.


3) In 1979, S.G Tan of the Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies of University Pertanian Malaysia published his findings titled Genetic Relationship between Kadazans and Fifteen other Southeast Asian Races. Summary of his findings is as follow:
Genetic distance analysis based on five polymorphic biochemical genetic markers was done to determine
the genetic distance between Kadazans and fifteen other races living in Southeast Asia. Kadazans were found
to he closer to Iban, Paiwan, Visayan, Ifugao, Atyal, Aboriginal Malays, Land Dayak, Tagalog and Southern
Chinese
than they are to Bataks, Senoi, Bunun,Malays, Aetas and Southern Indians. Gene frequency comparisons
for several new biochemical genetic markers such as soluble glutamate pyruvate transaminase, glyoxalase
I and esterase D were made between Kadazans and those few Southeast Asian races which had been analysed
for these new markers. In case of those markers in which no data is available for other Southeast Asian races,
the Kadazan gene frequencies were compared to those of races found elsewhere in the world,
Take note of the 2 races that I have highlighted in yellow. I assume Atyal here is the Atayal tribe of Taiwan. They are sometimes referred to as Atyal. Unfortunately, S.G Tan did not include Bunun tribe as test subject. Hence, cursing us to forever guessing our links,unless someone starts researching on this subject again :).


4 ) Dusun and Bunun are both listed in the family of Austronesian language family.


5) Dusun and Bunun both have history of a period they practice Head Hunting.

Guess who’s who?

545111006_d76d827049A Taiwan_bunun_dancerB p148569-Taipei-Bunun_Boys_Singing_Tradtional_SongsCkadazan_weddingDtaiwan_Colorfully dressed aboriginal women from the Bunun tribe of Nantou in central Taiwan pose in their festival finery.E
A & D – Dusun
B,C & E - Bunun

Anyhow, I do not think our similarities are a big deal. After all, it is plausible. Throughout the millennium, our ancestors could have migrated to Borneo from Taiwan vice versa. Or Bulun and Dusun could just be descendants of a tribe that migrated from the Philippines to Borneo and Taiwan. Who knows?! Someone should really do a research on this.


Please go to this Blog : http://g8fight.blogspot.com/2010/04/dusunsabahmalaysia-and-bununtaiwan.html for more information..

Yups.. you interested to know more about Bunun Tribes of Taiwan? enter this: http://www.tacp.gov.tw/tacpeng/home02_3.aspx?ID=$3071&IDK=2&EXEC=L

After i finished reading Justin's post, then i was attracted with the comments posted by joelkadazan@gmail.com, here you go!

The origin of the term Kadazan (z-dialect) or kadayan (y-dialect e.g. Lotud):

Many foreigners, especially those whose purpose and interest, politically and economically, is to see the Kadazans divided and weak to rule their own God given land, had gone to such length to inject and propogate lies and deception and, by awarding "PHD or Tunship" recruit 'intellectuals' from within the very communities they are bend to destroy to achieve their evil plots of "divide and rule, terrorize or destroy!"

The genesis story of the Kadazan people speaks of man (tuhun) having three attributes - i.e. Spirit(Kadazan), Soul (Koduduvo) and Kimaragang(Body/tinan)and a Creator God (Kinoingan Minamangun) who sacrificed His only offspring (Huminundun/Huminodun) to provide for salvation for His dying children (Kadazan - spiritual being that originate from Him).

The following is a short quote from the 'rinait' of the bobohizan touching on the origin of the word Kadazan:
"Tott oi Boisan, Bahazi,
Ada oku intukao,
Nobobou oku pom sandak,
Noguom oku pom dazang;
Ada oku ih intukao,
Iiih nobobou oku ih,
Noguom oku ih kio.

Logon: " Tott oi Boisan, Bahazi,
Koiho kodo monondikot.
Aanom ko monanhaboi,
tondu Tanga'a ko toi,
Tu kisinakai do baahon,
Kinudan do tuvakon,
Kisinakai do hinava,
Kinudan do dadai? "

Gina gina naku,
Om kisinakai do baahon,
Tuvakon, hinava, dadai,
Tondu Kadazan zou ih,
Kimokudian kio:"

I hope this will throw a bit of light as you continue your journey of self-discovery: Lastly, I would like to end by quoting a verse in the Book of Proverbs: "for as he thinks in his heart, so is he;(Pro 23:7a) My point is, "if you want to see yourself and your children and their children and grandchildren to become as God wanted them, then stop calling, and consigning them to a non-human (exactly what the Koran says about non-muslim)(a Dusun - Orchard) and rise up and take the mantle to be the "People of God" -
joelkadazan@gmail.com

Thanks for the very useful information..

Monday, July 19, 2010

Nek Wook 108 years old wants a baby

KUALA TERENGGANU: Centen­arian Wook Kundor and her 23rd husband Mohd Noor Che Musa, who were reunited on Thursday, are now looking towards a blissful married life by adding a third member to their family – a child.

In a telephone interview with The Star yesterday, Mohd Noor said he was eager to fulfil his 108-year-old wife’s wish to have the “patter of little feet” running around their kampung house.

“We tried (to have a baby) earlier but my wife’s age factor was an obstacle.

“So, we decided to adopt a baby, preferably a boy,” said the 38-year-old who was just released from the Besut drug rehabilitation centre after undergoing 18 months of treatment.

Happy together: Mohd Noor holding Wook Kundor after reuniting with her in Tanah Merah on Friday.

Mohd Noor said he felt that the presence of a child would turn their home in Kampung Bukit Tok Bat in Kuala Berang here even merrier.

“We talked about having a child and Nek Wook (Wook Kundor) agrees that we should adopt one as soon as possible,” he added.

Mohd Noor said that on their way back from Pasir Mas, Kelantan, yesterday, his wife pointed out to him a shop selling mittens and baby products.

“When I looked at her gesture, I realised that she badly wanted a baby,” he said, adding that they would prefer a toddler as he would be easier to take care of.

“I can’t expect my wife to be running around at her age when I have to work to fend for my family,” he said.

Mohd Noor, however, said they had no qualms about accepting a newborn.

“We are willing to accept babies who are born out of wedlock.

“Rather than abandon a newborn, give him to us and we promise to care of the child,” he said, adding that he was even willing to arrange for private meetings with parents intending to give up their babies for adoption.

Wook Kundor had refused to talk about her previous marriages and children in earlier interviews.

Asked about his months of separation from his wife, Mohd Noor said he missed Wook Kundor and regretted his past actions.

“She asked me to kick my drug habit but I was too obstinate then,” he said, adding that he had neglected Wook Kundor’s needs before his detention.

“I am now a changed man and cherish every moment with my wife,” he added.

The union between Wook Kundor and her much younger bridegroom five years ago grabbed worldwide media attention.

However, Mohd Noor was detained for drug abuse early last year, causing Wook Kundor to move to her relative’s home in Pasir Mas as her own house in Kuala Berang was unsafe.

After Mohd Noor was detained, Wook Kundor spoke of her loneliness without her husband.

Monday, July 12, 2010

Paul the Oracle Octopus goes eight for eight, is amazing


Eight picks, eight correct, eight tentacles. Paul the Oracle Octopus is clearly the biggest winner of the World Cup after recording a perfect prognostication record whether he knows it or not (he probably doesn't).

The big question was whether Paul's predictive superpowers would translate to the final - the first match he was asked to predict that did not involve his native Germany. But such piddly concerns did not bother Paul. Mostly because he's an octopus. Just as he predicted, the European champions Spain became world champions for the first time with an Andres Iniesta goal in extra time. And as the Spanish celebrated, Paul floated in his tank, sure of his genius and probably craving a fresh clam.

Since Paul is an international celebrity of the highest order now, everyone wants a piece of him - both literally and figuratively. Italy is trying to claim that he was caught in Italian waters, Spanish businessmen are trying to buy him for €30,000 ($38,000), and Dutch priests tried to dismiss him.

But in Spain, Paul is an icon. The Spanish prime minister has already spoken of his desire to protect "Pulpo Paul" and the mock up of a new version of Spain's flag could be dangerously close to becoming real.

So what becomes of Paul now? Well, he'll probably continue to live out the remainder of his days at the Sea Life aquarium in Oberhausen, Germany, no longer forced to pick his food out of flag-covered boxes while surrounded by an obscene number of media types. He will swim at his leisure and continue to be oblivious to the existence of sports. He will retire a winner and a global sensation - what every other octopus (and even a few pundits) wishes they could be.

All hail Paul.

Source: Yahoo

Monday, July 5, 2010

World Cup 2010: Maradona's charisma was not enough to see Argentina through

The defeat of Argentina also saw the exit of Lionel Messi, but he is not the colourful ball of energy that we will miss. Messi went quietly, the latest in a depressingly long line of fireworks that failed to go off in South Africa. No, the one for whom tears were shed was Diego Maradona, in whose image Argentina set about this World Cup.

As Ossie Ardiles said in his excellent commentary in The Sunday Telegraph, Maradona was a joy to be around here. He was not the eccentric figure of ridicule that many expected him to be. His omissions were perhaps fatal in the end. What Argentina might have done against Germany had Esteban Cambiaso been at Javier Mascherano's side in deep midfield and Javier Zanetti stationed at left-back instead of that washed-up stiff, Gabriel Heinze.

But you can't have it all ways with Maradona. His investment in the people he liked and trusted made Argentina the tournament's most vibrant team in the early stages. His walk down the line in the tunnel embracing each of his players in turn with a kiss on the cheek, his vaudeville goal celebrations in those ridiculous silver threads, his demonstrations in training of how to tame the reluctant Jabulani, shaping it over the wall like a 20 year-old with the world's best left foot, and best of all, the drawing on that Havana cigar while participating in five-a-sides. All gone, maybe forever. In the aftermath of defeat he hinted at walking away from the job, although Heinze yesterday led calls for him to stay on.

"Now is not the time to make these decisions," said Heinze. "Surely it would be better to wait until the emotion has cooled."

The Maradona model might be called the charismatic method. It relies on the ability of the talisman to inspire those around him to believe that anything is possible. Maradona imbued his team with a sense of camaraderie, joie de vivre and nationhood that took them deep into the tournament but ultimately foundered when confronted by a systematic organiser. This World Cup will not be won by the guru managing by mood but by the method man with a team drilled to perfection.

Joachim Löw and Germany are the greatest expression of that in this tournament. Low does not have a Messi, a Wayne Rooney, a Cristiano Ronaldo, a Kaka with which to work. He has Bastian Schweinsteiger, a gate keeper compared to Messi but a player with iron in his soul who carries out instructions to the letter.

Schweinsteiger, aided by experienced pros like, Phillip Lahm, Miroslav Klose and Lukas Podolski, provided the framework for the youthful, enthusiastic legs of Mesut Özil and Thomas Müller.

Argentina's woeful defence was shredded in the opening 25 minutes during which Germany could have been out of sight. Maradona did not have an answer because ultimately, he did not have the players. His greatest asset, Messi, could not bring his genius to bear. He was a distant traveller wandering through the battle zone like a soldier in shell shock.

For Messi read Ronaldo and Rooney, none of whom could get themselves up for national service in South Africa. One wonders if they were not all afflicted with the same malaise linked to the highs and exertions of the club game. They are employed by three of the biggest clubs on earth, Barcelona, Real Madrid and Manchester United, institutions at which they can fulfil all their ambitions in the game. One goal between the three of them and that by Ronaldo in a seven-goal rout of North Korean, takes some explaining.

Maradona and Löw were asked about this and neither had any intelligence to offer. Maradona scratched his beard for a bit before losing interest in the question. You couldn't blame him. Different times, he said. Maybe the game was different in his day, with teams prepared to indulge individual talent more, was his best guess.

Mine is that when playing for their clubs, Messi, Ronaldo and Rooney are motivated by being surrounded by better players. The Champions League sets the highest standards these days, not the World Cup.

The German experience is different. The Bundesliga is not regarded as the pinnacle. Germany does not pay the mad wages of Spain and England and the players with the stellar profiles do not play there. This might explain the powerful motivation to prove themselves as a country.